moral_foundations_questionnaire

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moral_foundations_questionnaire [2012/06/18 20:58]
filination
moral_foundations_questionnaire [2020/01/12 21:28] (current)
filination
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 ===== The scale ===== ===== The scale =====
 This MFQ scale has been introduced by Graham etal 2009 JPSP but hasn't been posted explicitly in a clear straight-forward way. This MFQ scale has been introduced by Graham etal 2009 JPSP but hasn't been posted explicitly in a clear straight-forward way.
 +
 +UPDATE: can be [[http://​www.moralfoundations.org/​sites/​default/​files/​files/​MFQ30.self-scorable.doc|downloaded here]].
  
 The following is adopted from MyPersonality'​s use of MFQ: The following is adopted from MyPersonality'​s use of MFQ:
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 |**CODE** ​ |**ITEM** ​ | |**CODE** ​ |**ITEM** ​ |
-|**M01** ​ |Whether ​  or not someone suffered emotionally | +|**M01** ​ |Whether ​  or not someone suffered emotionally ​(Harm/care)
-|**M02** ​ |Whether ​  or not some people were treated differently than others ​ | +|**M02** ​ |Whether ​  or not some people were treated differently than others  ​(Fairness/​reciprocity)
-|**M03** ​ |Whether ​  or not someone’s action showed love for his or her country | +|**M03** ​ |Whether ​  or not someone’s action showed love for his or her country ​(Ingroup/​loyalty)
-|**M04** ​ |Whether ​  or not someone showed a lack of respect for authority | +|**M04** ​ |Whether ​  or not someone showed a lack of respect for authority ​(Authority/​respect)
-|**M05** ​ |Whether ​  or not someone violated standards of purity and decency |+|**M05** ​ |Whether ​  or not someone violated standards of purity and decency ​(Purity/​sanctity)|
 |**M06** ​ |Whether ​  or not someone was good at math | |**M06** ​ |Whether ​  or not someone was good at math |
-|**M07** ​ |Whether ​  or not someone cared for someone weak or vulnerable | +|**M07** ​ |Whether ​  or not someone cared for someone weak or vulnerable ​(Harm/care)
-|**M08** ​ |Whether ​  or not someone acted unfairly | +|**M08** ​ |Whether ​  or not someone acted unfairly ​(Fairness/​reciprocity)
-|**M09** ​ |Whether ​  or not someone did something to betray his or her group | +|**M09** ​ |Whether ​  or not someone did something to betray his or her group (Ingroup/​loyalty)
-|**M10** ​ |Whether ​  or not someone conformed to the traditions of society | +|**M10** ​ |Whether ​  or not someone conformed to the traditions of society ​(Authority/​respect)
-|**M11** ​ |Whether ​  or not someone did something disgusting | +|**M11** ​ |Whether ​  or not someone did something disgusting ​(Purity/​sanctity)
-|**M12** ​ |Whether ​  or not someone was cruel | +|**M12** ​ |Whether ​  or not someone was cruel (Harm/care)
-|**M13** ​ |Whether ​  or not someone was denied his or her rights | +|**M13** ​ |Whether ​  or not someone was denied his or her rights ​(Fairness/​reciprocity)
-|**M14** ​ |Whether ​  or not someone showed a lack of loyalty | +|**M14** ​ |Whether ​  or not someone showed a lack of loyalty ​(Ingroup/​loyalty)
-|**M15** ​ |Whether ​  or not an action caused chaos or disorder | +|**M15** ​ |Whether ​  or not an action caused chaos or disorder ​ ​(Authority/​respect)
-|**M16** ​ |Whether ​  or not someone acted in a way that God would approve of |+|**M16** ​ |Whether ​  or not someone acted in a way that God would approve of (Purity/​sanctity)|
  
  
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 |**CODE** ​ |**ITEM** ​ | |**CODE** ​ |**ITEM** ​ |
-|**M17** ​ |Compassion ​  for those who are suffering is the most crucial virtue. | +|**M17** ​ |Compassion ​  for those who are suffering is the most crucial virtue. ​(Harm/care)
-|**M18** ​ |When   the government makes laws, the number one principle should be ensuring that   ​everyone is treated fairly. | +|**M18** ​ |When   the government makes laws, the number one principle should be ensuring that   ​everyone is treated fairly. ​(Fairness/​reciprocity)
-|**M19** ​ |I   am proud of my country’s history. | +|**M19** ​ |I   am proud of my country’s history. ​(Ingroup/​loyalty)
-|**M20** ​ |Respect ​  for authority is something all children need to learn. | +|**M20** ​ |Respect ​  for authority is something all children need to learn. ​(Authority/​respect)
-|**M21** ​ |People ​  ​should not do things that are disgusting, even if no one is harmed. |+|**M21** ​ |People ​  ​should not do things that are disgusting, even if no one is harmed. ​(Purity/​sanctity)|
 |**M22** ​ |It   is better to do good than to do bad. | |**M22** ​ |It   is better to do good than to do bad. |
-|**M23** ​ |One   of the worst things a person could do is hurt a defenceless animal. | +|**M23** ​ |One   of the worst things a person could do is hurt a defenceless animal. ​(Harm/care)
-|**M24** ​ |Justice ​  is the most important requirement for a society. | +|**M24** ​ |Justice ​  is the most important requirement for a society. ​(Fairness/​reciprocity)
-|**M25** ​ |People ​  ​should be loyal to their family members, even when they have done something ​  ​wrong. ​ | +|**M25** ​ |People ​  ​should be loyal to their family members, even when they have done something wrong.  ​(Ingroup/​loyalty)
-|**M26** ​ |Men   and women each have different roles to play in society. | +|**M26** ​ |Men   and women each have different roles to play in society. ​(Authority/​respect)
-|**M27** ​ |I   would call some acts wrong on the grounds that they are unnatural. | +|**M27** ​ |I   would call some acts wrong on the grounds that they are unnatural. ​(Purity/​sanctity)
-|**M28** ​ |It   can never be right to kill a human being. | +|**M28** ​ |It   can never be right to kill a human being. ​(Harm/care)
-|**M29** ​ |I think it’s morally wrong that rich   ​children inherit a lot of money while poor children inherit nothing. | +|**M29** ​ |I think it’s morally wrong that rich   ​children inherit a lot of money while poor children inherit nothing. ​(Fairness/​reciprocity)
-|**M30** ​ |It is more important to be a team player ​  than to express oneself. | +|**M30** ​ |It is more important to be a team player ​  than to express oneself. ​(Ingroup/​loyalty)
-|**M31** ​ |If I were a   ​soldier and disagreed with my commanding officer’s orders, I would obey   ​anyway because that is my duty. | +|**M31** ​ |If I were a   ​soldier and disagreed with my commanding officer’s orders, I would obey   ​anyway because that is my duty. (Authority/​respect)
-|**M32** ​ |Chastity is an important and valuable ​  ​virtue. |+|**M32** ​ |Chastity is an important and valuable virtue. ​(Purity/​sanctity)|
  
  
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 |Chart ​  Label |Variable ​  Name |Calculation | |Chart ​  Label |Variable ​  Name |Calculation |
-|Harm/care |HARM_AVG |= MEAN (M01,   ​M07, M12, M17, M24, M28) | +|Harm/care |HARM_AVG |= MEAN (M01, M07, M12, M17, M23, M28) | 
-|Fairness/​reciprocity |FAIRNESS_AVG |= MEAN (M02,   ​M08, M13, M18, M24, M29) | +|Fairness/​reciprocity |FAIRNESS_AVG |= MEAN (M02, M08, M13, M18, M24, M29) | 
-|Ingroup/​loyalty |INGROUP_AVG |= MEAN (M03,   ​M09, M14, M31, M19, M25) | +|Ingroup/​loyalty |INGROUP_AVG |= MEAN (M03, M09, M14, M19, M25, M30) | 
-|Authority/​respect |AUTHORITY_AVG |= MEAN (M04,   ​M10, M15, M26, M31, M20) | +|Authority/​respect |AUTHORITY_AVG |= MEAN (M04, M10, M15, M20, M26, M31) | 
-|Purity/​sanctity |PURITY_AVG |= MEAN (M05,   ​M11, M16, M21, M27, M32) |+|Purity/​sanctity |PURITY_AVG |= MEAN (M05, M11, M16, M21, M27, M32) |
  
  
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 \\  \\ 
 This questionnaire was developed by Jesse Graham, Jonathan Haidt, and Brian Nosek at the University of Virginia ([[http://​www.moralfoundations.org/​|www.moralfoundations.org]] ). This questionnaire was developed by Jesse Graham, Jonathan Haidt, and Brian Nosek at the University of Virginia ([[http://​www.moralfoundations.org/​|www.moralfoundations.org]] ).
 +</​blockquote>​
 +
 +==== Items by category ====
 +Just grouped them together to have a clearer sense of what each category reflects:
 +<​blockquote>​
 +__Harm/​care__
 +  - Whether or not someone suffered emotionally
 +  - Whether or not someone cared for someone weak or vulnerable
 +  - Whether or not someone was cruel
 +  - Compassion for those who are suffering is the most crucial virtue.
 +  - One of the worst things a person could do is hurt a defenceless animal.
 +  - It can never be right to kill a human being.
 +
 +__Fairness/​reciprocity__
 +  - Whether or not some people were treated differently than others
 +  - Whether or not someone acted unfairly
 +  - Whether or not someone was denied his or her rights
 +  - When the government makes laws, the number one principle should be ensuring that everyone is treated fairly.
 +  - Justice is the most important requirement for a society.
 +  - I think it’s morally wrong that rich children inherit a lot of money while poor children inherit nothing.
 +
 +__Ingroup/​loyalty__
 +  - Whether or not someone’s action showed love for his or her country
 +  - Whether or not someone did something to betray his or her group
 +  - Whether or not someone showed a lack of loyalty
 +  - I am proud of my country’s history.
 +  - People should be loyal to their family members, even when they have done something wrong.
 +  - It is more important to be a team player than to express oneself
 +
 +__Authority/​respect__
 +  - Whether or not someone showed a lack of respect for authority
 +  - Whether or not someone conformed to the traditions of society
 +  - Whether or not an action caused chaos or disorder
 +  - Respect for authority is something all children need to learn.
 +  - Men and women each have different roles to play in society.
 +  - If I were a soldier and disagreed with my commanding officer’s orders, I would obey anyway because that is my duty.
 +
 +__Purity/​sanctity__
 +  - Whether or not someone violated standards of purity and decency
 +  - Whether or not someone did something disgusting
 +  - Whether or not someone acted in a way that God would approve of
 +  - People should not do things that are disgusting, even if no one is harmed.
 +  - I would call some acts wrong on the grounds that they are unnatural.
 +  - Chastity is an important and valuable virtue.
 +
 </​blockquote>​ </​blockquote>​
  
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 <​code>​ <​code>​
  
-compute HARM_AVG = MEAN (q1, q7, q12, q17, q24, q28).+compute HARM_AVG = MEAN (q1, q7, q12, q17, q23, q28).
 compute FAIRNESS_AVG = MEAN (q2, q8, q13, q18, q24, q29). compute FAIRNESS_AVG = MEAN (q2, q8, q13, q18, q24, q29).
-compute INGROUP_AVG = MEAN (q3, q9, q14, q31, q19, q25). +compute INGROUP_AVG = MEAN (q3, q9, q14, q19, q25, q30). 
-compute AUTHORITY_AVG = MEAN (q4, q10, q15, q26, q31, q20).+compute AUTHORITY_AVG = MEAN (q4, q10, q15, q20, q26, q31).
 compute PURITY_AVG = MEAN (q5, q11, q16, q21, q27, q32). compute PURITY_AVG = MEAN (q5, q11, q16, q21, q27, q32).
 +compute decoy1=q6.
 +compute decoy2=q22.
 execute. execute.
  
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 PURITY_AVG "​Purity/​sanctity"​. PURITY_AVG "​Purity/​sanctity"​.
  
-</code>+RELIABILITY 
 +  ​/VARIABLES=q1,​ q7, q12, q17, q23, q28r 
 +  /​SCALE('​Harm/​care'​) ALL 
 +  /​MODEL=ALPHA.
  
 +RELIABILITY
 +  /​VARIABLES=q2,​ q8, q13, q18, q24, q29
 +  /​SCALE('​Fairness/​reciprocity'​) ALL
 +  /​MODEL=ALPHA.
 +
 +RELIABILITY
 +  /​VARIABLES=q3,​ q9, q14, q19, q25, q30
 +  /​SCALE('​Ingroup/​loyalty'​) ALL
 +  /​MODEL=ALPHA.
 +
 +RELIABILITY
 +  /​VARIABLES=q4,​ q10, q15, q20, q26, q31
 +  /​SCALE('​Authority/​respect'​) ALL
 +  /​MODEL=ALPHA.
 +
 +RELIABILITY
 +  /​VARIABLES=q5,​ q11, q16, q21, q27, q32
 +  /​SCALE('​Purity/​sanctity'​) ALL
 +  /​MODEL=ALPHA.
 +
 +</​code>​
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