empathic_concern_scale

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Empathic Concern Scale

By Davis (1980).

Citations:

  1. Davis, M. H. (1980). A multidimensional approach to individual differences in empathy. JSAS Catalog of Selected Documents in Psychology, 10, 85.
  2. Davis, M. H. (1983). Measuring individual differences in empathy: Evidence for a multi-dimensional approach. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 44, 113−126.

From Woltin etal (2011, JESP):

This was the Empathic Concern scale (IRI; Davis, 1980; α=0.80),c ontaining 7 items to be rated on a scale ranging from 1 (does not describe me well) to 5 (describes me very well). Sample items are “When I see someone being taken advantage of, I feel kind of protective toward them” and “Sometimes I don't feel sorry for other people when they are having problems” (reversed). Among a plethora of measures, the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI; Davis, 1980) is the most relevant and frequently used questionnaire for measuring individual differences in empathic tendencies (Baron-Cohen & Wheelwright, 2004; Pulos, Elison, & Lennon, 2004) and shows covariation with activity in the anterior cingulate and the anterior insula/fronto-insular cortex (i.e., regions activated when observing pain in others; Singer et al., 2006).

  1. When I see someone being taken advantage of, I feel kind of protective toward them.
  2. When I see someone being treated unfairly, I sometimes don't feel very much pity for them. (R)
  3. I often have tender, concerned feelings for people less fortunate than me.
  4. I would describe myself as a pretty soft-hearted person.
  5. Sometimes I don't feel sorry for other people when they are having problems. (R)
  6. Other people's misfortunes do not usually disturb me a great deal. (R)
  7. I am often quite touched by things that I see happen.

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