# World Values Survey

The World Values Survey ran a short 10-item version of the Portrait Value Questionnaire (PVQ).

## The scale

1. Schwartz: It is important to this person to think up new ideas and be creative
2. Schwartz: It is important to this person to be rich
3. Schwartz: It is important to this person living in secure surroundings
4. Schwartz: It is important to this person to have a good time
5. Schwartz: It is important to this person to help the people nearby
6. Schwartz: It is important to this person being very successful
7. Schwartz: It is important to this person adventure and taking risks
8. Schwartz: It is important to this person to always behave properly
9. Schwartz: It is important to this person looking after the environment
10. Schwartz: It is important to this person tradition

## SPSS syntax

I adopted the code from the SSVS which is also 10-items, so the first part is recoding into the SSVS syntax.

```recode a190 (-5=-5) (-4=-4) (-3=-3) (-2=-2) (-1=-1) (6=1) (5=2) (4=3) (3=4) (2=5) (1=6)  into SSVS_1.
recode a194 (-5=-5) (-4=-4) (-3=-3) (-2=-2) (-1=-1) (6=1) (5=2) (4=3) (3=4) (2=5) (1=6)  into SSVS_2.
recode a192 (-5=-5) (-4=-4) (-3=-3) (-2=-2) (-1=-1) (6=1) (5=2) (4=3) (3=4) (2=5) (1=6)  into SSVS_3.
recode a195 (-5=-5) (-4=-4) (-3=-3) (-2=-2) (-1=-1) (6=1) (5=2) (4=3) (3=4) (2=5) (1=6)  into SSVS_4.
recode a189 (-5=-5) (-4=-4) (-3=-3) (-2=-2) (-1=-1) (6=1) (5=2) (4=3) (3=4) (2=5) (1=6) into SSVS_5.
recode a197 (-5=-5) (-4=-4) (-3=-3) (-2=-2) (-1=-1) (6=1) (5=2) (4=3) (3=4) (2=5) (1=6)  into SSVS_6.
recode a193 (-5=-5) (-4=-4) (-3=-3) (-2=-2) (-1=-1) (6=1) (5=2) (4=3) (3=4) (2=5) (1=6)  into SSVS_7.
recode a198 (-5=-5) (-4=-4) (-3=-3) (-2=-2) (-1=-1) (6=1) (5=2) (4=3) (3=4) (2=5) (1=6)  into SSVS_8.
recode a196 (-5=-5) (-4=-4) (-3=-3) (-2=-2) (-1=-1) (6=1) (5=2) (4=3) (3=4) (2=5) (1=6)  into SSVS_9.
recode a191 (-5=-5) (-4=-4) (-3=-3) (-2=-2) (-1=-1) (6=1) (5=2) (4=3) (3=4) (2=5) (1=6)  into SSVS_10.
execute.

MISSING VALUES SSVS_1 to SSVS_10 (-5 to -1).

COUNT C1=SSVS_1 to SSVS_10(1).
COUNT C2=SSVS_1 to SSVS_10(2).
COUNT C3=SSVS_1 to SSVS_10(3).
COUNT C4=SSVS_1 to SSVS_10(4).
COUNT C5=SSVS_1 to SSVS_10(5).
COUNT C6=SSVS_1 to SSVS_10(6).
COUNT C7=SSVS_1 to SSVS_10(SYSMIS).
do IF (C1 GE 5 OR C2 GE 8 OR C3 GE 8 OR C4 GE 8
OR C5 GE 8 OR C6 GE 5 OR C7 GE 5).
compute i=1 .
else .
compute i=2.
end if.
exe.
freq var=i.

* Self-enhancement: average of Power, Achievement, & Hedonism.
* Openness to Change: average of Stimulation & Self-direction.
* Self-transcendence: average of Universalism & Benevolence.
* Conservatism: average of Conformity, Tradition, & Security.
compute selfenh=mean(SSVS_1, SSVS_2, SSVS_3).
compute openness=mean(SSVS_4, SSVS_5).
compute selftran=mean(SSVS_6, SSVS_7).
compute conserv=mean(SSVS_8,SSVS_9, SSVS_10).
compute MRAT=mean(SSVS_1 to SSVS_10).
exec.

DO REPEAT  s = ssvs_1 TO ssvs_10 /
t = t1 TO t10    .
COMPUTE t = (s - mrat).
END REPEAT.

compute Mselfenh=selfenh-MRAT.
compute Mopenness=openness-MRAT.
compute Mselftran=selftran-MRAT.
compute Mconserv=conserv-MRAT.
execute.

VARIABLE LABELS
SSVS_1 "Power (social power, authority, wealth) R"
SSVS_2 "ACHIEVEMENT (success, capability, ambition, influence on people and events) R"
SSVS_3 "HEDONISM (gratification of desires, enjoyment in life, self-indulgence) R"
SSVS_4 "STIMULATION (daring, a varied and challenging life, an exciting life) R"
SSVS_5 "SELF-DIRECTION (creativity, freedom, curiosity, independence, choosing one's own goals) R"
SSVS_6 "UNIVERSALISM (broad-mindedness, beauty of nature and arts, social justice, a world at peace, equality, wisdom, unity with nature, environmental protection) R"
SSVS_7 "BENEVOLENCE (helpfulness, honesty, forgiveness, loyalty, responsibility) R"
SSVS_8 "TRADITION (respect for tradition, humbleness, accepting one's portion in life, devotion, modesty) R"
SSVS_9 "CONFORMITY (obedience, honoring parents and elders, self-discipline, politeness) R"
SSVS_10 "SECURITY (national security, family security, social order, cleanliness, reciprocation of favors) R"
t1 "Power (social power, authority, wealth)"
t2 "ACHIEVEMENT (success, capability, ambition, influence on people and events)"
t3 "HEDONISM (gratification of desires, enjoyment in life, self-indulgence)"
t4 "STIMULATION (daring, a varied and challenging life, an exciting life)"
t5 "SELF-DIRECTION (creativity, freedom, curiosity, independence, choosing one's own goals)"
t6 "UNIVERSALISM (broad-mindedness, beauty of nature and arts, social justice, a world at peace, equality, wisdom, unity with nature, environmental protection)"
t7 "BENEVOLENCE (helpfulness, honesty, forgiveness, loyalty, responsibility) "
t8 "TRADITION (respect for tradition, humbleness, accepting one's portion in life, devotion, modesty)"
t9 "CONFORMITY (obedience, honoring parents and elders, self-discipline, politeness)"
t10 "SECURITY (national security, family security, social order, cleanliness, reciprocation of favors)"
selfenh "Self EnhancementR"
openness "Openness to ChangeR"
selftran "Self TranscendenceR"
conserv "ConservationR"
Mselfenh "Self Enhancement"
Mopenness "Openness to Change"
Mselftran "Self Transcendence"
Mconserv "Conservation".

USE ALL.
COMPUTE filter_\$=(i=2).
VARIABLE LABELS filter_\$ 'i=2 (FILTER)'.
VALUE LABELS filter_\$ 0 'Not Selected' 1 'Selected'.
FORMATS filter_\$ (f1.0).
FILTER BY filter_\$.
EXECUTE.

RELIABILITY
/VARIABLES=SSVS_1 SSVS_2 SSVS_3
/SCALE('Self Enhancement') ALL
/MODEL=ALPHA.

RELIABILITY
/VARIABLES=SSVS_4 SSVS_5
/SCALE('Openness to Change') ALL
/MODEL=ALPHA.

RELIABILITY
/VARIABLES=SSVS_6 SSVS_7
/SCALE('Self Transendence') ALL
/MODEL=ALPHA.

RELIABILITY
/VARIABLES=SSVS_8 SSVS_9 SSVS_10
/SCALE('Conservation') ALL
/MODEL=ALPHA.
``` 