Revised Causal Dimension Scale (CDSII)
By McAuley, Duncan, & Russell (1991, PSPB).
Think about the reason or reasons you have written above. The items below concem your impressions or opinions ofthis cause or causes ofyour performance. Circle one number for each ofthe following questions.
Items on a scale of 9 to 1 from left to right:
Is the cause(s) something:
- That reﬂects an aspect of yourself - reﬂects an aspect of the situation
- Manageable by you - not manageable by you
- Permanent - temporary
- You can regulate - you cannot regulate
- Over which others have control - over which others have no control
- Inside of you - outside of you
- Stable over time - variable over time
- Under the power of other people - not under the power of other people
- Something about you - something about others
- Over which you have power - over which you have no power
- Unchangeable - changeable
- Other people can regulate - other people cannot regulate
NOTE: The total scores for each dimension are obtained by summing the items, as follows: 1, 6, 9 - locus of causality; 5, 8, 12 = external control; 3, 7, 11 = stability; 2, 4, 10 = personal control.