Moral Foundations Questionnaire

The scale

This MFQ scale has been introduced by Graham etal 2009 JPSP but hasn't been posted explicitly in a clear straight-forward way.

UPDATE: can be downloaded here.

The following is adopted from MyPersonality's use of MFQ:

Part 1. When you decide whether something is right or wrong, to what extent are the following considerations relevant to your thinking? Please rate each statement using this scale:

0 not at all relevant (This consideration has nothing to do with my judgments of right and wrong)
1 not very relevant
2 slightly relevant
3 somewhat relevant
4 very relevant
5 extremely relevant (This is one of the most important factors when I judge right and wrong)
CODE ITEM
M01 Whether or not someone suffered emotionally
M02 Whether or not some people were treated differently than others
M03 Whether or not someone’s action showed love for his or her country
M04 Whether or not someone showed a lack of respect for authority
M05 Whether or not someone violated standards of purity and decency
M06 Whether or not someone was good at math
M07 Whether or not someone cared for someone weak or vulnerable
M08 Whether or not someone acted unfairly
M09 Whether or not someone did something to betray his or her group
M10 Whether or not someone conformed to the traditions of society
M11 Whether or not someone did something disgusting
M12 Whether or not someone was cruel
M13 Whether or not someone was denied his or her rights
M14 Whether or not someone showed a lack of loyalty
M15 Whether or not an action caused chaos or disorder
M16 Whether or not someone acted in a way that God would approve of

Moral Foundations Questionnaire Part 2

Part 2. Please read the following sentences and indicate your agreement or disagreement:

0 Strongly disagree
1 Moderately disagree
2 Slightly disagree
3 Slightly agree
4 Moderately agree
5 Strongly agree
CODE ITEM
M17 Compassion for those who are suffering is the most crucial virtue.
M18 When the government makes laws, the number one principle should be ensuring that everyone is treated fairly.
M19 I am proud of my country’s history.
M20 Respect for authority is something all children need to learn.
M21 People should not do things that are disgusting, even if no one is harmed.
M22 It is better to do good than to do bad.
M23 One of the worst things a person could do is hurt a defenceless animal.
M24 Justice is the most important requirement for a society.
M25 People should be loyal to their family members, even when they have done something wrong.
M26 Men and women each have different roles to play in society.
M27 I would call some acts wrong on the grounds that they are unnatural.
M28 It can never be right to kill a human being.
M29 I think it’s morally wrong that rich children inherit a lot of money while poor children inherit nothing.
M30 It is more important to be a team player than to express oneself.
M31 If I were a soldier and disagreed with my commanding officer’s orders, I would obey anyway because that is my duty.
M32 Chastity is an important and valuable virtue.

Moral Foundations Questionnaire Calculation

Chart Label Variable Name Calculation
Harm/care HARM_AVG = MEAN (M01, M07, M12, M17, M23, M28)
Fairness/reciprocity FAIRNESS_AVG = MEAN (M02, M08, M13, M18, M24, M29)
Ingroup/loyalty INGROUP_AVG = MEAN (M03, M09, M14, M31, M19, M25)
Authority/respect AUTHORITY_AVG = MEAN (M04, M10, M15, M26, M31, M20)
Purity/sanctity PURITY_AVG = MEAN (M05, M11, M16, M21, M27, M32)

The five foundations of morality are:

Harm/care: Preventing any kind of harm to others. We generally dislike pain and discomfort and try to avoid inflicting this experience on others.

Fairness/reciprocity: We try to ensuring that others are treated fairly. This is important for cooperating with other people.

Ingroup/loyalty: Acting with the interests of your social group at heart. For example, helping a friend with their homework.

Authority/respect: Trying to respect and maintain the authoritative structure in which you live. We often strive to maintain the traditions of our society.

Purity/sanctity: This is driven by the need to avoid contamination and is linked to the emotion of disgust. This includes both the need to avoid disgusting experiences; from a spiritual perspective it is important to prevent contamination of the spirit or soul.

Two additional questions were to check whether you were paying attention when responding. We would expect that you would not say that “being good at math ” is an important moral concern, and that you would agree that “it is better to do good than to do bad ”. These questions do not contribute to your final morality results.

This questionnaire was developed by Jesse Graham, Jonathan Haidt, and Brian Nosek at the University of Virginia (www.moralfoundations.org ).

Items by category

Just grouped them together to have a clearer sense of what each category reflects:

Harm/care

  1. Whether or not someone suffered emotionally
  2. Whether or not someone cared for someone weak or vulnerable
  3. Whether or not someone was cruel
  4. Compassion for those who are suffering is the most crucial virtue.
  5. One of the worst things a person could do is hurt a defenceless animal.
  6. It can never be right to kill a human being.

Fairness/reciprocity

  1. Whether or not some people were treated differently than others
  2. Whether or not someone acted unfairly
  3. Whether or not someone was denied his or her rights
  4. When the government makes laws, the number one principle should be ensuring that everyone is treated fairly.
  5. Justice is the most important requirement for a society.
  6. I think it’s morally wrong that rich children inherit a lot of money while poor children inherit nothing.

Ingroup/loyalty

  1. Whether or not someone’s action showed love for his or her country
  2. Whether or not someone did something to betray his or her group
  3. Whether or not someone showed a lack of loyalty
  4. I am proud of my country’s history.
  5. People should be loyal to their family members, even when they have done something wrong.
  6. If I were a soldier and disagreed with my commanding officer’s orders, I would obey anyway because that is my duty.

Authority/respect

  1. Whether or not someone showed a lack of respect for authority
  2. Whether or not someone conformed to the traditions of society
  3. Whether or not an action caused chaos or disorder
  4. Men and women each have different roles to play in society.
  5. If I were a soldier and disagreed with my commanding officer’s orders, I would obey anyway because that is my duty.
  6. Respect for authority is something all children need to learn.

Purity/sanctity

  1. Whether or not someone violated standards of purity and decency
  2. Whether or not someone did something disgusting
  3. Whether or not someone acted in a way that God would approve of
  4. People should not do things that are disgusting, even if no one is harmed.
  5. I would call some acts wrong on the grounds that they are unnatural.
  6. Chastity is an important and valuable virtue.

SPSS syntax

compute	HARM_AVG	= MEAN (q1, q7, q12, q17, q23, q28).
compute	FAIRNESS_AVG	= MEAN (q2, q8, q13, q18, q24, q29).
compute INGROUP_AVG	= MEAN (q3, q9, q14, q19, q25, q31).
compute AUTHORITY_AVG	= MEAN (q4, q10, q15, q20, q26, q31).
compute PURITY_AVG	= MEAN (q5, q11, q16, q21, q27, q32).
compute decoy1=q6.
compute decoy2=q22.
execute.

VARIABLE LABELS
HARM_AVG  "Harm/care"
FAIRNESS_AVG "Fairness/reciprocity"
INGROUP_AVG "Ingroup/loyalty"
AUTHORITY_AVG "Authority/respect"
PURITY_AVG "Purity/sanctity".

RELIABILITY
  /VARIABLES=q1, q7, q12, q17, q23, q28r
  /SCALE('Harm/care') ALL
  /MODEL=ALPHA.

RELIABILITY
  /VARIABLES=q2, q8, q13, q18, q24, q29
  /SCALE('Fairness/reciprocity') ALL
  /MODEL=ALPHA.

RELIABILITY
  /VARIABLES=q3, q9, q14, q19, q25, q31
  /SCALE('Ingroup/loyalty') ALL
  /MODEL=ALPHA.

RELIABILITY
  /VARIABLES=q4, q10, q15, q20, q26, q31
  /SCALE('Authority/respect') ALL
  /MODEL=ALPHA.

RELIABILITY
  /VARIABLES=q5, q11, q16, q21, q27, q32
  /SCALE('Purity/sanctity') ALL
  /MODEL=ALPHA.
moral_foundations_questionnaire.txt · Last modified: 2018/04/18 07:55 by filination
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