FAD scale – Free-will and Determinism Scale

Introduction

This is the FAD scale – Free-will and Determinism Scale: Version 4B (source).

Though this scale has never been published it has been used in various PsycSci and top-tier psyc journals.

This is quote from the Free Will and Determinism Plus scale paper introduction to this scale :

Although never published, the FAD–4 proved useful in a number of published studies. Westlake and Paulhus (2007), for example, showed that Free Will scores were positively associated with punitiveness toward lawbreakers. Vohs and Schooler (2008) showed that the Free Will subscale was negatively associated with willingness to cheat for financial gain. Baumeister et al. (2009) demonstrated that Free Will scores were able to predict a behavioral indicator of altruism.

The Free Will and Determinism Scale

Using the scale below as a guide, write a number beside each statement to indicate how much you agree or disagree with it.

1 - Totally Disagree 3 - Unsure 5 - Totally Agree

  1. I believe that my future has already been pre-determined by fate.
  2. People’s biological makeup influences their talents and personality.
  3. Chance events seem to be the major cause of human history.
  4. People have complete control over the decisions they make.
  5. No matter how hard you try, you can’t change your destiny.
  6. Bad behavior is caused by bad life circumstances.
  7. No one can predict what will happen in this world.
  8. People must take full responsibility for any bad choices they make.
  9. Fate already has a plan for each of us.
  10. Psychologists and psychiatrists will eventually figure out all human behaviors.
  11. Life seems unpredictable – just like throwing dice or flipping a coin.
  12. People can overcome any obstacles if they truly want to.
  13. What will be, will be –there’s not much you can do about it.
  14. Your genes determine your future.
  15. I like the idea that people can’t be predicted.
  16. Criminals are totally responsible for the bad things they do..
  17. Whether we like it or not, mysterious forces seem to move our lives.
  18. Science has shown how your past environment created your current intelligence and personality.
  19. There are random events going on – even at the level of atoms and molecules.
  20. People do not choose to be in the situations they end up – it just happens. R
  21. I hate it when scientists try to take the mystery out of life.
  22. Scientists will never be able to predict human behavior precisely. R
  23. Life is hard to predict because it is almost totally random.
  24. We should avoid punishing people because many of them can’t help doing what they do. R
  25. I don’t believe in destiny. R
  26. As with other animals, human behavior always follows the laws of nature.
  27. I don’t believe in chance. R
  28. Strength of mind can always overcome the body’s desires.

Scoring

Reverse the scoring on items marked with an ‘R’. Then add up all 7 items for each of the four subscales.

Two forms of Determinism

  1. Fate: items 1, 5, 9, 13, 17, 21, 25R
  2. Scientific Causation: items 2, 6, 10, 14, 18, 22R, 26
  3. biological: 2, 14, 26
  4. environmental: 6, 18

Two forms of Non-Determinism

  1. Randomness: items 3, 7, 11, 15, 19, 23, 27R
  2. Free Will: items 4, 8, 12, 16, 20R, 24R, 28

SPSS code

* only for the freewill part.
RECODE p24 p20 (5=1) (4=2) (3=3) (2=4) (1=5) INTO p24r p20r.
VARIABLE LABELS  p24r 'p24r' /p20r 'p20r'.
EXECUTE.

compute freewill=mean(paulhusfwd_4,paulhusfwd_8,paulhusfwd_12,paulhusfwd_16,p24r,p20r,paulhusfwd_28).
exec.
free_will_and_determinism_scale.txt · Last modified: 2013/05/12 23:31 by filination
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