Free Will and Determinism Plus scale

Introduction

This is a FAD-Plus scale, an attempted improvement of the unpublished yet widely used Free Will and Determinism scale. It was developed by DELROY L. PAULHUS AND JASMINE M. CAREY and published on Journal of Personality Assessment, 93(1), 96–104, 2011 :

We describe the development of FAD–Plus, a 27-item measure of lay beliefs in free will and 3 closely related constructs: scientific determinism, fatalistic determinism, and unpredictability. Previously published measures included only a subset of these variables and tended to assume an a priori pattern of relations among these 4 beliefs. […]

The Free Will and Determinism Plus Scale

For each statement below, choose a number from 1 to 5 to indicate how much you agree or disagree. 1 - Totally Disagree 5 - Totally Agree

  1. I believe that the future has already been determined by fate.
  2. People’s biological makeup determines their talents and personality.
  3. Chance events seem to be the major cause of human history.
  4. People have complete control over the decisions they make.
  5. No matter how hard you try, you can’t change your destiny.
  6. Psychologists and psychiatrists will eventually figure out all human behavior.
  7. No one can predict what will happen in this world.
  8. People must take full responsibility for any bad choices they make.
  9. Fate already has a plan for everyone.
  10. Your genes determine your future.
  11. Life seems unpredictable - just like throwing dice or flipping a coin.
  12. People can overcome any obstacles if they truly want to.
  13. Whatever will be, will be – there’s not much you can do about it.
  14. Science has shown how your past environment created your current intelligence and personality.
  15. People are unpredictable.
  16. Criminals are totally responsible for the bad things they do.
  17. Whether people like it or not, mysterious forces seem to move their lives.
  18. As with other animals, human behavior always follows the laws of nature.
  19. Life is hard to predict because it is almost totally random.
  20. Luck plays a big role in people’s lives.
  21. People have complete free will.
  22. Parents' character will determine the character of their children.
  23. People are always at fault for their bad behavior.
  24. Childhood environment will determine your success as an adult.
  25. What happens to people is a matter of chance.
  26. Strength of mind can always overcome the body's desires.
  27. People’s futures cannot be predicted.

According to categories :

Free will

  1. People have complete control over the decisions they make.
  2. People must take full responsibility for any bad choices they make.
  3. People can overcome any obstacles if they truly want to.
  4. Criminals are totally responsible for the bad things they do.
  5. People have complete free will.
  6. People are always at fault for their bad behavior.
  7. Strength of mind can always overcome the body's desires.

Scientific Determinism

  1. People’s biological makeup determines their talents and personality.
  2. Psychologists and psychiatrists will eventually figure out all human behavior.
  3. Your genes determine your future.
  4. Science has shown how your past environment created your current intelligence and personality.
  5. As with other animals, human behavior always follows the laws of nature.
  6. Parents' character will determine the character of their children.
  7. Childhood environment will determine your success as an adult.

Fatalistic Determinism

  1. I believe that the future has already been determined by fate.
  2. No matter how hard you try, you can’t change your destiny.
  3. Fate already has a plan for everyone.
  4. Whatever will be, will be – there’s not much you can do about it.
  5. Whether people like it or not, mysterious forces seem to move their lives.

Unpredictability

  1. Chance events seem to be the major cause of human history.
  2. No one can predict what will happen in this world.
  3. Life seems unpredictable - just like throwing dice or flipping a coin.
  4. People are unpredictable.
  5. Life is hard to predict because it is almost totally random.
  6. Luck plays a big role in people’s lives.
  7. What happens to people is a matter of chance.
  8. People’s futures cannot be predicted.

Scoring

Free Will:  4, 8, 12, 16, 21, 23, 26.
Scientific Determinism: 2, 6, 10, 14, 18, 22, 24.
Fatalistic Determinism: 1, 5, 9, 13, 17.
Unpredictability: 3, 7, 11, 15, 19, 20, 25, 27.

SPSS Syntax

compute paulhus_fw = mean(fw_4, fw_8, fw_12, fw_16, fw_21, fw_23, fw_26).
compute paulhus_science = mean(fw_2, fw_6, fw_10, fw_14, fw_18, fw_22, fw_24).
compute paulhus_fate = mean(fw_1, fw_5, fw_9, fw_13, fw_17).
compute paulhus_unpred = mean(fw_3, fw_7, fw_11, fw_15, fw_19, fw_20, fw_25, fw_27).
exec.

RELIABILITY
  /VARIABLES=fw_4, fw_8, fw_12, fw_16, fw_21, fw_23, fw_26
  /SCALE('FAD+ FW') ALL
  /MODEL=ALPHA.

RELIABILITY
  /VARIABLES=fw_2, fw_6, fw_10, fw_14, fw_18, fw_22, fw_24
  /SCALE('FAD+ scientific determinism') ALL
  /MODEL=ALPHA.

RELIABILITY
  /VARIABLES=fw_1, fw_5, fw_9, fw_13, fw_17
  /SCALE('FAD+ fatalistic determinism') ALL
  /MODEL=ALPHA.

RELIABILITY
  /VARIABLES=fw_3, fw_7, fw_11, fw_15, fw_19, fw_20, fw_25, fw_27
  /SCALE('FAD+ unpredictability') ALL
  /MODEL=ALPHA.
free_will_and_determinism_plus_scale.txt · Last modified: 2014/03/13 02:55 by filination
CC Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 4.0 International
Driven by DokuWiki Recent changes RSS feed Valid CSS Valid XHTML 1.0