Ethics Position Questionnaire
Instructions. You will ﬁnd a series of general statements listed below. Each represents a commonly held opinion and there are no right or wrong answers. You will probably disagree with some items and agree with others. We are interested in the extent to which you agree or disagree with such matters of opinion.
Please read each statement carefully. Then indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree by placing in front of the statement the number corresponding to your feelings, where:
- Completely disagree
- Largely disagree
- Moderately disagree
- Slightly disagree
- Neither agree nor disagree
- Slightly agree
- Moderately agree
- Largely agree
- Completely agree
- A person should make certain that their actions never intentionally harm another even to a small degree.
- Risks to another should never be tolerated, irrespective of how small the risks might be.
- The existence of potential harm to others is always wrong, irrespective of the beneﬁts to be gained.
- One should never psychologically or physically harm another person.
- One should not perform an action which might in any way threaten the dignity and welfare of another individual.
- If an action could harm an innocent other, then it should not be done.
- Deciding whether or not to perform an act by balancing the positive consequences of the act against the negative consequences of the act is immoral.
- The dignity and welfare of people should be the most important concern in any society.
- It is never necessary to sacriﬁce the welfare of others.
- Moral actions are those which closely match ideals of the most “perfect“ action.
- There are no ethical principles that are so important that they should be a part of any code of ethics.
- What is ethical varies from one situation and society to another.
- Moral standards should be seen as being individualistic; what one person considers to be moral may be judged to be immoral by another person.
- Different types of moralities cannot be compared as to “rightness.” -
- Questions of what is ethical for everyone can never be resolved since what is moral or immoral is up to the individual.
- Moral standards are simply personal rules which indicate how a person should behave, and are not to be applied in making judgments of others.
- Ethical considerations in interpersonal relations are so complex that individuals should be allowed to formulate their own individual codes.
- Rigidly codifying an ethical position that prevents certain types of actions could stand in the way of better human relations and adjustment.
- No rule concerning lying can be formulated; whether a lie is permissible or not permissible totally depends upon the situation.
- Whether a lie is judged to be moral or immoral depends upon the circumstances surrounding the action.
Computing the results :
The idealism score is obtained by taking the mean of Items 1 through 10. The relativism score is obtained by taking the mean of Items 11 through 20.
compute idealism=mean(epq_1, epq_2, epq_3, epq_4, epq_5, epq_6, epq_7, epq_8, epq_9, epq_10). compute relativism=mean(epq_11, epq_12, epq_13, epq_14, epq_15, epq_16, epq_17, epq_18, epq_19, epq_20). VARIABLE LABELS idealism "Idealism" relativism "Relativism".