Daily Meaning Scale
The Daily Meaning Scale (DMS) consisted of two items, ‘‘howmeaningful does your life feel?’’ and ‘‘how much do you feel your life has purpose?’’The 21-day average scores on the DMS correlated .55 (p< .0001) with the MLQ-presencesubscale, indicating the items constitute a valid measure of state meaning in life. The mul-tilevel random coefficients modeling software program HLM 5 (Raudenbush, Bryk, &Congdon, 2000) provides appropriate reliability estimates for the nested repeated-mea-sures data generated by daily reports (Nezlek, 2001). The reliability estimate for the aver-age daily meaning was excellent (.98).
Daily levels of MIL were assessed with the Daily Meaning Scale (DMS; Steger et al., 2008). The scale consists of two face-valid items: “How meaningful did you feel your life was today?” and “How much did you feel your life had purpose today?” Participants responded on a 7-point scale ranging from 1 (not at all) to 7 (very much). These items have demonstrated acceptable reliability and validity in past research (Kashdan & Nezlek, 2012; Kashdan & Steger, 2007). Prior research has found that the daily measure of MIL is correlated from .53 to .64 with trait MIL, as mea- sured by the full version of the Meaning in Life Question- naire (Kashdan & Steger, 2007; Steger & Kashdan, 2013; Steger et al., 2008). Reliability estimates for daily measures are reported below.
The items [1 (not at all) to 7 (very much)]:
- How meaningful did you feel your life was today?
- How much did you feel your life had purpose today?