From appendix in Detert, Trevino, & Sweitzer (2008) JAP.
Our intent in developing the Cheat–Lie–Steal scale was to collect data on multiple types of unethical behavior relevant to subjects this age. Thus, the 13 items composing the Cheat–Lie–Steal scale (shown below) represent a combination of items drawn from the extant literature (4 items were used or adapted from McCabe and Trevin˜o, 1993, and 3 from Daniel, Blount, and Ferrell, 1991) and items we developed for this study.
To decrease respondents’ propensity to underreport their own behavior, they were first asked to rate how frequently they observed others engaging in each of the 13 behaviors shown below while in high school, using a 5-point Likert scale ranging from 1 (never) to 5 (many times). They were then presented the same 13 items and asked to indicate how frequently they engaged in each behavior.
- Lying to my parents about my school performance
- Exaggerating my accomplishments on my college application
- Lying about my age.
- Using a false excuse to delay taking an exam or turning in an assignment
- Claiming to have turned in an assignment when I have not
- Taking low-cost items from a retail store
- Taking small amounts of money from my parents’ wallet without their permission
- Copying from another student on a test
- Collaborating or receiving substantial help on an assignment when the instructor asked for individual work
- Helping someone else to cheat on a test
- Copying material and turning it in as your own work
- Asking another student who has previously taken a quiz or exam for the questions or the answers prior to taking the test
- Changing a response after a paper or exam is returned and then reporting a grade error to the instructor